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Ph.D. Eva Cifrián Bemposta

Ph.D. Eva Cifrián Bemposta

Dra. Eva Cifrian: Received her B.Sc. in Chemical Engineering in 2005. Since then, she worked as a PhD student at GER research group, in the topic "Environmental Information Management and Decision Support Tools". She obtained her PhD in 2013, and nowadays, she is a Researcher and Teaching Assistant in the Chemistry and Process & Resource Engineering Department. She completed a post-doctoral three-month stay in the Department of Chemical Engineering of the University of Coimbra, Portugal, in 2015.  

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  • Martín-Torre, M. C., Cifrian, E., Ruiz, G., Galán, B., Viguri, J.R., Estuarine sediment resuspension and acidification: Release behaviour of contaminants under different oxidation levels and acid sources, 2017

    Journal of Environmental Management 199, 211-221

  • Cifrian, E., Muñoz, I., Fernández Ferreras, J, Viguri, J.R., Aplicación de Tácticas de Evaluación Formativa a la Asignatura de Diseño Preliminar de Procesos Químicos, 2016

    Congreso de Innovación Docente en Ingeniería Química (CIDIQ) Alicante, 21-23 Enero 2016. Libro de comunicaciones. ISBN 978‐84‐9717‐415‐2

  • de la Hera, G., Muñoz, I., Cifrian, E., Vitorica, R., Gutierrez-San Martin, O., Viguri, J.R., Comparative environmental life cycle analysis of stone wool production using traditional and alternative materials, 2016

    Waste and Biomass Valorization. Published online: 25 August 2016

  • Coz, A., Llano, T., Cifrian, E., Viguri, J.R., Maican, E., Sixta, H., Physico-Chemical Alternatives in Lignocellulosic Materials in Relation to the Kind of Component for Fermenting Purposes, 2016

    Materials 9 (7), 574

  • Cifrian, E., Andrés, A., Viguri, J.R., Developing a regional environmental information system based on macro-level waste indicators , 2015

    Ecological Indicators,53,258-270.

  • Cifrian, E., Coronado, M., Quina, M, Andrés, A., Environmental assessment of the potential impact on soils of foundry waste using standard leaching tests, 2015


    The ninth International Conference on the Environmental and Technical Implications of Construction with Alternative Materials “WASCON 2015”, June, 10th-12th, Santander, Spain

    Contribution: Oral Presentantion
    Proceedings: Libro de comunicaciones. ISBN 978‐84‐606‐8422‐0
    Abstract: This paper presents an approach for the assessment of the environmental impact from soil/land applications of stabilised metallic waste. The approach is based on a combination of the European standard for characterization of waste, ENV 12920, and the Dutch Building Materials Decree (BMD). ENV 12920 stablishes the specific methodology to perform a complete characterisation of the leaching behaviour of waste materials under specified conditions. The BMD regulates the (re)use of primary and secondary materials to ensure the environmentally secure utilization of building materials avoiding further deterioration of the soil quality. No difference is made between primary materials, secondary materials and waste materials. The decree is applicable in case these materials are used in constructions where they are in contact with rain, surface water and ground water (e.g. in embankments, road building, outside walls of buildings, foundations and roofs).
  • Cifrian, E., Muñoz, I., Viguri, J.R., Aplicación de sistemas de evaluación formativa a un trabajo en grupo de diseño conceptual de procesos químicos, 2015

    IX Congreso Internacional de Evaluación Formativa y Compartida en Docencia Infantil, Primaria, Secundaria y Universitaria. Santander, 17-19 Septiembre 2015. Publicación: Tendencias emergentes en Evaluación Formativa y compartida en docencia. El papel de las nuevas tecnologías. ISBN 978-84-8102-761-7  

  • Cifrian, E., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Developing of Waste Flow Indicators Sets for Regional Planning, 2015


    3rd International Conference and Exhibition WASTES: Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities. 14-16 Septiembre 2015, Viana do Castelo, Portugal.

    Contribution: Oral Presentantion
    Proceedings: Libro de comunicaciones. ISSN 2183-0568
    Abstract: Waste information is necessary for proper management planning. However, data on waste generation and management are sometimes not reliable enough, do not exist or are not useful. In the Spanish region of Cantabria, all waste streams generated are covered through four specific Waste Plans which are the framework to the decision-making processes related to waste management. These Plans were developed from a series of baseline data on waste streams. But it has been necessary to establish a system of environmental information which allows obtaining reliable information for monitoring.
  • Muñoz, I., Cifrian, E., Viguri, J.R., Planificación, aplicación y evaluación de actividades de aprendizaje en un curso universitario de diseño de procesos químicos, 2015

    IX Congreso Internacional de Evaluación Formativa y Compartida en Docencia Infantil, Primaria, Secundaria y Universitaria. Santander, 17-19 Septiembre 2015. Publicación: Tendencias emergentes en Evaluación Formativa y compartida en docencia. El papel de las nuevas tecnologías. ISBN 978-84-8102-761-7

  • Cifrian, E., Dosal, E., Pérez, L., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Waste indicators of primary sector and health & veterinary services for regional planning. , 2014

    International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning,9,(6),794-811.

  • Cifrian, E., Andrés, A., Viguri, J.R., Estimating monitoring indicators and the carbon footprint of municipal solid waste management in the region of Cantabria, Northern Spain, 2013

    Waste and Biomass Valorization,4,(2) 271-285.

  • Andrés, A., Cifrian, E., Dosal, E., Pérez, L., Viguri, J.R., Análisis de la Generación y Gestión de los Residuos en Cantabria. Monografía del Punto Focal de Residuos de Cantabria, 2013

    Libro completo. Tratamiento Gráfico del Documento. Universidad de Cantabria. ISBN 10: 84-695-3728-8, ISBN 13: 978-84-695-3728-2

    Descargar aquí:

  • Cifrian, E., Desarrollo de un Sistema de Información Ambiental para Cantabria basado en Indicadores en el área de residuos, 2013

    Tesis Doctoral

    Descargar aqui:

  • Andrés, A., Cifrian, E., Indicadores ambientales. Modelos para el análisis ambiental., 2012

    Conference Jornadas sobre Gestión ambiental sostenible: Principios, contexto y métodos, 7-8 Noviembre, 2012. Granada.

    Comunicación Oral

    Proceedings: Libro de resúmenes Jornadas sobre Gestión ambiental sostenible: Principios, contexto y métodos
    Abstract: The aim of this paper deals with the background, concept and design of environmental indicators. The use of individual and grouped indicators and index as well as the application of DPSIR models to the environmental analysis is highlighted.
  • Cifrian, E., Galán, B., Andrés, A., Viguri, J.R., Material flow indicators and carbon footprints for MSW Management Systems: Analysis and application at regional level, Cantabria, Spain, 2012

    Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 68, 54-66.

  • Garcia-Luque, E., Cifrian, E., Andrés, A., Métodos e instrumentos utilizados en el análisis ambiental, 2012

    En Gestión sostenible del ambiente: principios, contexto, métodos (Bruzzi L. y Serrano-Bernardo F. Eds). Editorial Universidad de Granada. Parte 1. pp.105-135.

  • Cifrian, E., Pérez, L., Dosal, E., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Primary sector waste indicators for regional planning, 2011

    WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment 150 , pp. 39-50

  • Andrés, A., Cifrian, E., Coronado, M., Coz, A., Dosal, E., Viguri, J.R., Punto Focal de Residuos de Cantabria, 2011

    Medio Ambiente Cantabria Informa, 32, 11-18

    Descargar aqui:

  • Cifrian, E., Pérez, L., Dosal, E., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Primary Sector Waste Indicators for Regional Planning, 2011

    Conference: International Conference of Sustainable Development and Planning
    Contribution: Oral Presentation
    Proceedings: Book of Abstract. ISBN 978-1-84564-544-1
    Abstract: In this work the methodology developed by European Environmental Agency has been used as a starting point in developing a set of Specific Indicators on the primary sector waste. Eleven indicators have been developed to evaluate the generation and management of forest, agricultural, livestock and food industry waste. These indicators allow not only monitoring the primary sector waste management, but also they highlight the precarious situation in relation to knowledge of actions undertaken in the sector in relation to their waste and with the information flows. Therefore, in this paper the analysis of difficulties for management the available information has been carried out.
  • Cifrian, E., Andrés, A., Viguri, J.R., Estimating the Carbon Footprint of Municipal Solid Waste Management in the Region of Cantabria, Northern Spain, 2011

    Conference International Conference and Exhibition WASTES: Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities. 
    Proceedings: Book of Abstract. ISBN 978-989-97429-0-1
    Abstract: Human activity is increasing the concentration in the atmosphere of greenhouse gases. This is expected to result in a significant warming of the earth’s surface and other associated changes in climate within the next few decades. The greenhouse gases (GHG) that are making the largest contribution to global warming are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). All three are produced during the management and disposal of wastes. Local climate action has been identified as a vital contributor to global mitigation of greenhouse gases emission. Carbon footprint (CF) being a quantitative expression of GHG emissions from an activity helps in emission management and evaluation of mitigation measures. The concept of CF has permeated and is being commercialized in all the areas of life and economy, but there is little coherence in definitions and calculation of CF among the studies. In this work the CF tool has been applied to measure the environmental impact of the municipal solid waste management in the region of Cantabria, Northern Spain. All steps of the waste management have been taken in account: collection, transport, processing and final treatment, for the period 2005–2009. The results showed a continuous decrease of the Carbon Footprint of the waste management throughout the years.
  • Cifrian, E., Coz, A., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Indicators for valorisation of municipal solid waste and special waste, 2010

    Waste and Biomass Valorization1 (4), 479-486.

  • Dosal, E., Cifrian, E., Coz, A., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Análisis comparado de la evolución del sistema de indicadores Básicos de residuos en el ámbito Nacional, 2010

    Conference Congreso Nacional de Ingeniería Química CNIQ-Madrid-201Q. Madrid del 18-20 de Noviembre de 2010
    Contribution:  Poster
    Proceedings:  Book of Abstract
    Abstract: En el Punto Focal de Residuos de Cantabria, proyecto en el cual se engloba el presente estudio, se gestiona la información relativa a residuos en base a tres sistemas de indicadores, los indicadores Básicos, Específicos y Trasversales; correspondientes a distintos niveles de concreción. El sistema de indicadores Básico permite una evaluación comparada de los resultados obtenidos en distintos contextos espaciales. En primer lugar se realiza la recogida sistemática de la información a nivel Nacional y se procesa dicha información a través del sistema de Indicadores Básicos, formado por los siguientes indicadores: Generación de RSU, Reciclaje de papel/cartón, Recogida de vidrio, Reciclaje de envases, Producción de lodos de depuración y Generación de residuos peligrosos. Se procede posteriormente a la comparación, analizando la evolución temporal y el valor del indicador con respecto a la media nacional, de las Comunidades Autónomas. Representando finalmente los resultados obtenidos mediante un sistema de información geográfica. Entre los principales resultados se obtiene que Cantabria presenta valores superiores a la media Nacional para la tasa de generación de RSU, reciclaje de envases y papel/cartón y la recogida de vidrio para el último año de estudio. Siendo por otro lado, la Comunidad en la cual se produce una menor cantidad de lodos por habitante al depurar las aguas. En el caso de los Residuos Peligrosos, destaca la escasez de datos en las Comunidades Autónomas, siendo difícil la interpretación de los resultados. 
  • Dosal, E., Cifrian, E., Pérez, L., Coz, A., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Desarrollo del sistema de indicadores asociado a los Planes Sectoriales de Residuos de Cantabria, 2010

    Conference CONAMA 10 - Congreso Nacional de Medio Ambiente celebrado en Madrid del 22 al 26 de noviembre de 2010.
    Contribution:  Poster
    Proceedings:  ISBN 978-84-614-6112-7
    Abstract: Los Planes Sectoriales aprobados mediante el Decreto 15/2010 son: el Plan Sectorial de Residuos Municipales, el Plan Sectorial de Residuos Industriales, Residuos de Construcción y Demolición y Minería, el Plan Sectorial de Residuos Especiales y el Plan Sectorial de Residuos del Sector Primario, Sanitario y Veterinario. Cada uno de los Planes está dividido en diferentes programas, de prevención y minimización, reutilización, recogida, reciclaje, valorización energética y eliminación, en los cuales se proponen objetivos y líneas de acción para llevarlos a cabo. Para poder realizar el seguimiento de dichos objetivos, se propone gestionar la información a través de cuatro sistemas de indicadores, cada uno de ellos relacionado con los objetivos propuestos en cada Plan Sectorial correspondiente. Para desarrollar cada indicador, es necesario conocer cada una de las variables de las que va a constar, los datos necesarios para su cálculo y se localizan las fuentes que puedan proporcionar dichos datos. Una vez organizada la información por fuente de datos, se procede a la petición de datos mediante formularios, para desarrollar finalmente los indicadores. 
  • Cifrian, E., Álvarez-Guerra, M., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Environmental management strategies: developing a set of indicators as a decision-making support in waste policy, 2009

    Conference 8th World Congress of Chemical Engineering
    Contribution: Poster
    Proceedings: Book of Abstracts. ISBN 0-920804-44-6
    Abstract: In recent years, environmental indicators have become a vital component of environmental impact assessments and “state of the environmental” reporting. This has increased the influence of environmental indicators on environmental management and policy making at all scales of decision making. The environmental indicators are grouped in set of indicators, giving a vision global of environmental state. In this work the DPSIR (Driving forces-Pressure-States-Impact-Responses) framework developed by European Environmental Agency (EEA) has been used as a starting point in developing a set of Specific Indicators. In the development of this set of indicators, each one is directly related to policy objectives and targets identified in the Cantabria Waste Plan 2006-2010. Therefore, the synthesis, development, application of and interpretation of results of a set of specific indicators have carried out for evaluating of waste management policy in the regional area.
  • Cifrian, E., Dosal, E., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Identifying optimal regional solid waste management strategies using Multicriteria Analysis Tools. , 2009

    Conference ISWA/APESB World Congress 2009.
    Contribution:  Poster
    Proceedings:  Book of Abstract. ISBN 978-989-96421-1-9
    Abstract: The increasing care about the environment has influenced the more and more frequent need to take environmental criteria into account in the decision making with others historically further developed like the economic, technological or social criteria. This combination of factors complicates the quantitative analysis of alternatives that the decision maker has to confronting. Furthermore there are many environmental factors difficult to make a comparison and to quantify. In order to be able to study the influence of all these factors, the Multicriteria Analysis Methods are used. The Multicriteria Analysis (MCA) is a mathematical tool which evaluates different alternatives using a sequence of criteria previously decided. This tool is used in a wide range of decision problems, including the environmental management. The advantages of using this kind of tools are: a) the decision is structured into manageable sub components; b) directly involves the stakeholders and the negotiation among the actors implicated is easier; c) a great diversity of problems can be included and; d) it can act as a process of nonstop learning. The main objective of this work is to intensify in the knowledge of the tool through its application to a case study: Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) in north Spain. The following tasks have been carried out: i) a bibliographic review of the MCA methods used for the decision making in all kind of issues (see figure 1); ii) selection of the methods MCA more utilized on environmental issues; iii) influence of the different selected MCA methods and the number of alternatives and criteria used in each MCA method on study case (MSWM).
  • Cifrian, E., Martín, A., Coz, A., Viguri, J.R., Andrés, A., Application of multicriteria decision analysis to sustainable municipal solid waste management in North Spain, 2007


    ISWA/NVRD World Congress 2007, 24-27 September. Amsterdam, Holada

    Contribution: Poster
    Proceedings: ISWA/NVRD World Congress 2007 PRECEEDINGS – (Papers Et PowerPoints)
    Abstract: In this work a review of current waste management models based on multicriteria decision analysis is outlined and the most important conclusions of this review are given. In addition four of the most used Multicriteria techniques (AHP, ELECTRE, PROMETHEE and Regime Methods) are analysed in detail. On the other hand, at the present time, many models recognise that for a waste management model to be sustainable, it must consider environmental, economic and social aspects. In this sense, the model used must consider the three aspects together in the application of the model. Among these characteristics, flexibility is its main property; Multicriteria Analysis can be used to find the best Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management techniques following sustainability criteria. A review of the MSW generation and treatment statistics in Cantabria region, in North Spain, has been carried out. The statistic analysis will show the problematic situation in the region, and the values will be used in the application of the Multicriteria Decision Analysis. From the results obtained of using the ELECTRE Multicriteria techniques, it has been chosen the best combination of MSW management techniques following sustainability criteria. The main target of this last objective is not only to find the best MSW management techniques for Cantabria region, also to show the utility of the Multicriteria Analysis as a tool in environmental decision problems.
  • Cifrian, E., Andrés, A., Coz, A., Muñoz, Y, Viguri, J.R., Punto Focal de Residuos de Cantabria: Sistemas de Indicadores, 2006

    Conference Congreso Nacional de Medio Ambiente, CONAMA 8.Madrid, 27Noviembre- 1 Dociembre, 2006
    Contribution: Poster
    Proceedings: Chemistry and Sustainable Development- Volume 2 Abstracts Book. ISBN 84-690-2349-7
    Abstract: El Punto Focal de Residuos de Cantabria (PFR) es un proyecto que surge como resultado de un convenio entre la Consejería de Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Cantabria y el Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Química Inorgánica de la Universidad de Cantabria. Surge por la necesidad de poner a disposición del público toda la información ambiental, tal como marcan la Directiva 2003/4/CE, relativa al acceso del público a la información medioambiental, y el Convenio Aarhus, sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación del Público en la Toma de Decisiones y el Acceso a la Justicia en Materia de Medio Ambiente. El objetivo principal del PFR es el de dinamizar los objetivos propuestos en el Programa de Residuos de Cantabria 2005-2010 y en los Planes Sectoriales que de él se deriven. Para ello se ha realizado la recogida sistemática de la información relativa a residuos, se ha procesado dicha información a través de un sistema de Indicadores, elegido tras un exhaustivo estudio y con el consenso de los agentes sociales, y su difusión activa, con el objetivo último de servir de instrumento para la toma de decisiones, a la vez de constituirse como una herramienta de divulgación, en la medida que muestra la información de forma sencilla y comprensible.
  • Cifrian, E., Arce, R., Andrés, A., Coz, A., Muñoz, Y, Viguri, J.R., Set of indicators on waste needed to support environmental information management, 2006

    Conference 6º Congreso Internacional de Química de la Asociación Nacional de Químicos (ANQUE), Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, 5-7 Diciembre 2006
    Contribution: Poster
    Proceedings: Chemistry and Sustainable Development- Volume 2 Abstracts Book. ISBN 84-690-2349-7
    Abstract: There are a lot of systems of environmental indicators proposed by several organisms, and whose approach and objectives differ at sometimes substantially. A widely study of systems of indicators proposed by the different organisms about the waste area has been carried out by the Focal Point on Waste of Cantabria, and a set of indicators to evaluate the situation of waste in Cantabria has helped. The waste information management is executed through three systems of indicators, which correspond to different levels of concretion. The Basic Indicators that allowing a comparative evaluation of the results obtained in different contexts; to give answers to more concrete policy questions and to identify priority actions, more detailed indicators are needed, the Specific Indicators that evaluating the objectives of the Cantabria Waste Programme 2005-2010, and finally the Transverse Indicators, which establish a relationship between the waste area with the other aspects of the sustainability.