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PhD. Tamara Llano Astuy

PhD. Tamara Llano Astuy

Received the M.S. degree in Chemical Engineering in 2009, the post degree in Process and Chemical Engineering “Sustainable Production and Consumption” in 2010, and the B.S. degree in 2011 from the University of Cantabria. She has worked as a researcher doing the ph.D. in the GER group of the Chemistry and Process & Resource Engineering Department in collaboration with Sniace factory. Her research interest are in the areas of sulphite pulping chemistry and technology; lignocellulosic biomass characterization, hydrolysis, fractionation and detoxification; waste and industrial effluents conversion in biofuels, specifically second generation bioethanol and value-added chemical byproducts for valorization purposes.She obtained her PhD with international mention in 2016 titled “Developments in a sulphite pulping process for the valorisation of its carbohydrate resources within the biorefinery concept”

Recibió el título de Ingeniería Química en 2009, el título de Máster en Ingeniería Química y de Procesos “Producción y Consumo Sostenible”en 2010, y el título de Ingeniero Técnico Industrial en 2011 por la Universidad de Cantabria. Ha trabajado como investigadora y doctoranda en el grupo GER del Departamento de Quimica e Ingeniería de Procesos y Recursos (QuIPRe) en colaboración con Sniace. Sus intereses en investigación se centran en las áreas de tecnología y química del proceso de pasteado al sulfito; caracterización, hidrólisis, fraccionamiento y detoxificación de biomasa lignocelulósica; conversión de residuos y efluentes industriales a biocombustibles, especialmente bioetanol de segunda generación y subproductos químicos de valor añadido con motivo de su valorización. Obtuvo el título de Doctor por la Universidad de Cantabria, con mención internacional en 2016 con la tesis titulada “Developments in a sulphite pulping process for the valorisation of its carbohydrate resources within the biorefinery concept”

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Publications

  • Llano, T., Quijorna, N., Coz, A., Detoxification of a lignocellulosic waste from a pulp mill to enhance its fermentation prospects, 2017

    Energies, 10(3), 348-366

  • Coz, A., Llano, T., Cifrian, E., Viguri, J.R., Maican, E., Sixta, H., Physico-Chemical Alternatives in Lignocellulosic Materials in Relation to the Kind of Component for Fermenting Purposes, 2016

    Materials 9 (7), 574

  • Llano, T., Garcia-Quevedo, N, Quijorna, N., Viguri, J.R., Coz, A., Evolution of lignocellulosic macrocomponents in the wastewater streams of a sulfite pulp mill: A preliminary biorefining approach, 2015

    Journal of Chemistry, 102534 

  • Rueda, C., Fernández-Rodríguez, J., Ruiz, G., Llano, T., Coz, A., Monosaccharide production in an acid sulfite process: Kinetic modeling, 2015

    Carbohydrate Polymers, 116,18-25

  • Coz, A., Llano, T., Rueda, C., Quijorna, N., Maican, E., Hydrolysis and separation of lignocellulosic biomass in a sulphite process to valorise the main fractions within the biorefinery concept., 2015

    NMATEH-Agricultural Engineering, ISSN 2344 – 4118, 223-228

  • Llano, T., Alexandri, M., Koutinas, A., Gardeli, CHR., Papapostolou, H., Komaitis, M., Andrés, A., Coz, A., Solvent extraction of phenolics from lignocellulosic waste, 2014

    Conference:

    WasteEng 2014: 5th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation. Río de Janeiro, Brazil, August 25-28, 2014. www.wasteeng2014.org

    Contribution: Oral presentation
    Proceedings: ftp.servcbo.com
    Abstract: The aim of this work was to revise the most appropriate solvent for extraction of low-molecular-weight phenolics from SSL. Parallel aliphatic acids and furfurals were co-extracted. Different solvents, settling times, hydrolysate-to-solvent ratios and stages where assayed regarding literature approaches. Best one- single stage results were obtained using chloroform as extractant at pH 2, hydrolysate-to-solvent ratio of 1:3 v/v, at room temperature.
  • Coz, A., Quijorna, N., Rueda, C., Llano, T., Portilla, A., Blanco, A., Andrés, A., Galán, B., Ruiz, G., Viguri, J.R., Valorization of a lignocellulosic waste from a Sulfite Pulp Mill in bioproducts, 2013

    Conference: Paperweek Canada 2013 and International Forest Biorefinery Symposium. http://www.paperweekcanada.ca/
    Contribution: Oral
    Proceedings: www.paperweekcanada.ca
    Abstract: The contribution shows the approaches to valorize the main compounds of the spent sulfite liquor from digestion process: (i) improving delignification step of the wood chips avoiding sugar denaturalization and the inhibitor compounds for the next fermentation processes, and (ii) completing the depolymerization of the carbohydrate polymers, obtaining the same quality of dissolving pulp.
  • Rueda, C., Llano, T., Tejedor, C., Quijorna, N., Dosal, E., Andrés, A., Coz, A., Characterization of species of Eucalyptus and comparison of its behavior as a lignocellulosic biomass in a pulp process, 2012

    Conference WasteEng 2012. 4th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation, Porto, Portugal, 10 to 13 September 2012. http://www.wasteeng2012.org/
    Contribution: Poster
    Proceedings: Proceedings of the The 4th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation (WasteEng12). Vol. 1, 166-171. ISBN: 979-10-91526-00-5. Edited by A, Nzihou and F. Castro.
    Abstract: The first aim of this work is the characterization of these two types of wood and to compare the obtained results with others found in literature. The second goal of this work is to study and to compare the behavior of these two species of wood in the acid sulfite process, analyzing the main expected properties of the resultant product (dissolving pulp) and waste (spent sulfite liquor).
  • Llano, T., Quijorna, N., Rueda, C., Blanco, A., Galán, B., Coz, A., Influence of the digestion variables on a pulping process to maximize all of the lignocellulosic waste options, 2012

    Conference: WasteEng 2012. 4th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation, Porto, Portugal, 10 to 13 September 2012. http://www.wasteeng2012.org/
    Contribution: Oral
    Proceedings: Proceedings of the The 4th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation (WasteEng12). Vol. 1, 166-171. ISBN: 979-10-91526-00-5. Edited by A, Nzihou and F. Castro.
    Abstract: The aim of this work is to study the main digestion variables, dwell time, temperature, ramp rate, SO2 content and liquor/wood ratio which affect the delignification process of hardwood chips to obtain dissolving pulp in order to develop a statistical model with all these variables and optimize the quantity of total fermentable sugars and lignosulphonates presented in spent sulfite liquors using GAMS software.
  • Llano, T., Rueda, C., Quijorna, N., Blanco, A., Coz, A., Study of the delignification of hardwood chips in a pulping process for sugar production, 2012

    Journal of Biotechnology, 162 (2012) 422– 429.

  • Llano, T., Quijorna, N., Rueda, C., Mendivil, R., Galán, B., Coz, A., Analysis of sugars and inhibitors obtained by the digestion of hardwood chips for bioethanol production., 2011

    Conference: 8th European Congress of Chemical Engineering. ECCE-ECAB 2011. Berlin (Germany), 25 to 29 September, 2011. http://www.ecce2011.de/
    Contribution: Oral
    Proceedings: http://www.ecab2011.eu/congressplanner-path-1,93-type-2.html?thema=1_2140&day=
    Abstract: The aim of this work is to study the sugar and inhibitor characterization of the obtained liquor in different digestion conditions in order to improve the fermentation process. Acid sulfite pulping process has been studied in 1-liter reactors at laboratory scale. In this case, sulfite pulp is produced by a calcium magnesium bisulfite process based on eucalyptus wood at high temperature and pressure conditions in order to separate the fibers from lignin. Sugars and inhibitors have been analyzed by liquid chromatographic technique with refractive index detector.
  • Quijorna, N., Llano, T., Rueda, C., Blanco, A., Andrés, A., Portilla, A., Coz, A., Comparison of sugar content of two pulping processes in order to produce bioethanol of 2nd generation, 2011

    Conference Wastes: Solutions, Treatments, Opportunity. 1St Conference. Guimaraes, Portugal, 12 to 14 September 2011. http://www.wastes2011.org/
    Contribution: Oral
    Proceedings: 1st International Conference. WASTES: Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities, 769-774.
    Abstract: In this work, several laboratory cooking experiments, with Eucalyptus globulus and acidic magnesium sulfite as raw materials, have been done in order to determine the optimal conditions (temperature and pressure cycle) to transform a paper-grade pulping process into a dissolving pulping process and to compare the characteristics of the obtained liquor towards its valorization. The quality parameters of pulp product in both cases (paper and dissolving grade) have been monitored together with the physical and chemical properties of the liquor. An increase of the total sugar content has been observed in the dissolving process giving a better option for its valorization in bioethanol.
  • Rueda, C., Lopez-Alvarez, J., Llano, T., Quijorna, N., Blanco, A., Viguri, J.R., Coz, A., Physico-chemical characterization of a spent sulflte liquor oriented to its valorization options. , 2011

    16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry Proceedings, ISWFPC 1, pp. 584-587.

  • Rueda, C., Llano, T., Quijorna, N., Blanco, A., Viguri, J.R., Coz, A., Physico-chemical characterization of a spent sulphite liquor oriented to its valorization options., 2011

    Conference 16th International Symposium on Wood, Fibre and Pulping Chemistry - ISWFPC 2011. Tianjin,(China), 8 to 10 June, 2011. http://www.iswfpc2011.org/
    Proceedings: 16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry - Proceedings, ISWFPC 1 , pp. 584-587
    Abstract: Spent sulfite liquor is obtained as a waste of the process of manufacturing dissolving pulp and due to its composition it can be exploited as a byproduct in other areas of research. Physico-chemical characterization of this waste is the primary goal of this work. Furthermore, in order to study the options for its valorization, sugars, lignosulfonates and other individual components have been determined. The most referenced options to valorize the spent sulfite liquor are lignosulfonates, bioethanol, xylitol, polyhidroxibutirate and hydrogen
  • Rueda, C., Llano, T., Quijorna, N., Ruiz, G., Coz, A., Study of acid hydrolysis conditions of a lignocellulosic industrial waste on the sugar content for bioethanol production., 2011

    Conference: 12th Mediterraneam Congress of Chemical Engineering, Barcelona, Spain, 15 to 18 November, 2011. http://www.ub.edu/congmedit/
    Contribution: Poster
    Proceedings: ABSTRACTS (digital book). 12th mediterraneam congress of chemical engineering ISBN: 978-84-615-4777-7
    Abstract: The aim of this work is the study of acid hydrolysis of the spent sulfite liquor at different conditions at laboratory scale in order to obtain fermentable sugars. The kind and concentration of acid, temperature and time of the process have been studied as process variables in the reactors based on previous studies. The obtained results give the optimal conditions of the acid hydrolysis for the valorization of this kind of lignocellulosic waste in bioethanol.
  • Llano, T., Rueda, C., Blanco, A., Andrés, A., Coz, A., Design of a laboratory for the study of the digestion of hardwood chips in order to obtain pulp and sugars for bioethanol production., 2010

    Conference VENICE 2010 3rd International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste. Venice (Italy),8 to 11 November 2010. http://www.venicesymposium.it/
    Contribution: Oral
    Proceedings: VENICE 2010 3rd International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste Proceedings CD
    Abstract: Because interest in use of lignocellulosic waste for bioconversion to fuels and chemicals is increasing, a new laboratory for the study of the digestion and acid hydrolysis has been developed. The aim of this paper is to design and implement this new laboratory with the means to investigate the integrated use of hardwood chips, and their transformation into alpha-cellulose (pulping), fermentable sugars for second generation bioethanol (biofuel) and lignosulfonates (lignin). The heart of the lab is a pilot plant that consists of a 30-litre digester heated indirectly through a heat exchanger. This reactor will be fed with wood chips. Furthermore, in this work the main analytical equipment for the characterization of the raw material and obtained products has been studied.